Post by on Sunday, December 12, 2021
A Pap smear is a screening test for cervical cancer. A Pap smear involves gently collecting the cells from your cervix , the narrow end of the uterus. Detection of cervical cancer at an early stage improves the chances of survival and cure. A Pap smear also shows abnormal cells which can turn cancerous and is the first step in halting the possible development of cancer.
It is recommended for women from ages of 25 to 65 every 3 to 5 years or at least one to three times in a lifetime.
Pap smears are combined with HPV DNA testing at present. HPV is a virus which is thought to cause cervical cancer. The risk of cancer increases with cytological abnormalities and treatment is dependent on the cytology results.
Women who are HIV positive, are on immunosuppressants, are exposed to Diethylstilbesterol and smokers are at higher risk of cervical cancer.