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Understanding Autism, raising awareness towards special children

Post by on Monday, March 28, 2022

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The German psychiatrist Eugen Bleuler developed the term autism in 1911 to characterise a symptom of the most severe forms of schizophrenia, a notion he had also created. The word Autism is made of two parts, “aut” and “ism”. The prefix of the word is “aut” which means "self” in Greek and the suffix “ism” means “state of being or condition” in Greek. Autism Spectrum Condition (ASD) is a neurological and developmental disorder that manifests itself early in life. It begins in early childhood and lasts throughout the rest of a person's life. Autism is often connected with difficulties in social and communication skills, as well as repetitive habits and routine adherence. It's also possible that it'll be accompanied by sensory sensitivity and difficulties paying attention.

Autism is referred to be a "spectrum" disorder since the kind and intensity of symptoms that people experience varies greatly. Autism affects people of all cultural and socioeconomic backgrounds. They have a hard time understanding what other people are thinking and feeling. This limits their ability to communicate, whether through words, gestures, touch or facial expressions. People with autism have difficulty learning. Their abilities may not develop in the correct age and manner. For instance, someone may have a problem with communication but can excel at art, music, calculations or memory. As a result, individuals may perform particularly well on analytical or problem-solving tests.

Autism is currently being diagnosed in greater numbers than ever before. However, the latest figures could be higher due to changes in how the illness is diagnosed, not because more youngsters have it.

What Are the Signs of Autism?

Autism symptoms normally occur before a kid reaches the age of three. Some people exhibit indications from the moment they are born.

 • A lack of eye contact

 • A narrow range of interests or extreme interest in select topics are also common autistic signs.

• Repetition, they start repeating words and phrases, forms a pattern by rocking back and forth or pulling a lever.

• Extreme sensitivity towards sounds, sensations, odours, or sights that are normal to others.

• Failing to listen to others or notice people or things

• Avoid looking at things while someone else does.

• Reluctance to be hugged or cuddled

• Issues with use of words, speech, gestures.

• Using a flat, or robotic tone of voice or tune

• Having a hard time adjusting to changes in routine.

What Causes Autism?

The exact cause of autism is unknown. Problems in the areas of our brain that evaluate sensory data and process language could be to blame.

Autism does not discriminate and can affect persons of any race, ethnicity, or socioeconomic status. A child's risk of autism is unaffected by the income of the family, lifestyle, or educational level. However, there are some factors:

·        Because autism runs in families, some genetic combinations may raise a child's risk;

·         Children with an older parent have a higher risk of developing autism.

·        Pregnant women who are exposed to particular medicines or chemicals during their pregnancy, such as alcohol or anti-seizure medications, are more likely to give birth to autistic children.

·        Metabolic disorders such as diabetes and obesity in parents are also risk factors. Autism has also been related to untreated phenylketonuria (commonly known as PKU, a metabolic condition caused by an enzyme deficiency) and rubella, which is German measles.

 

Autism has no known cure. However, for a child with autism, early treatment can make a significant difference in their development.

Behavioural and communicative therapy to help with structure and organisation are the two basic sorts of treatments. One of these treatments is applied behaviour analysis (ABA), which encourages positive conduct while discouraging negative behaviour. Dressing, eating, and communicating with others are all chores that occupational therapy may help with. Someone who has difficulty being contacted, seen, or having to hear may benefit from sensory integration therapy. People with speech disorders benefit from speech treatment.

Medications do help with symptoms of ASD, like attention problems, hyperactivity, or anxiety.

Complementary therapies may help some persons with autism improve their learning and communication abilities. Songs, art, and animal therapy, such as horse riding and even scuba diving, sports are instances of complementary therapies.

Every person with Autism is unique. No two autistic individuals (Consider rephrasing the term "autistic" to avoid offending people who have been diagnosed with ASD.) act the same way. When it comes to Autism, there are many levels of severity, and some people are deemed high functioning. The diagnosis varies from person to person, and autism spectrum disorder refers to the fact that some people have more severe symptoms than others.

Some persons with "high functioning Autism," for instance, can live healthy, work, marry, and can still have children. Individuals with serious or low functioning Autism, on the other hand, frequently require daily help and supervision.

Some ways that you can help spread autism awareness:

Learn About Autism. To spread autism awareness, start by learning about the topic. Reading about autism from reliable sources, and research papers on the condition can be helpful.

An excellent place to start is the National Human Genome Research Institute website. They have helpful answers to these questions about autism, along with a list of additional resources at the end: What Autism is, what the symptoms of Autism are, how do we diagnose, treat and treat Autism, the probable causes, how it is inherited. Along with the questions one should also know and read about the possible interventions that can be applied for people with Autism.

Many individuals are working hard to raise awareness of autism, yet it is still insufficient. If you're committed to raising autism awareness, you should not just educate yourself and speak out about the issue; you should also get active. You can help in a variety of ways; just remember that going out there and doing something about the problem is the greatest approach to start making the world a better place for autistic individuals and their families. Find events, programs, and services for autistic people in your hometown. Instead of just looking for a program we can also create one on our own and spread information and awareness about autism and the families taking care of autistic children and adults.

          Another way to spread awareness would be by participating in programs. The goal of these programmes is to assist autistic persons to connect with others. They usually offer not just social support, but also assistance with some of the obstacles and changes that people on the spectrum encounter as children, teenagers, and adults. Spending Time with them can be another way of spreading awareness. Recognize and reward positive conduct. With children with ASD, positive reinforcement may go a long way, so make an effort to point out and make them realise they have done something wonderful, even if it is in the simplest form, an act of kindness or sharing. When they perform well or acquire a new skill, praise them for it, being very precise about what action they're being commended for. Other methods to reward children for excellent conduct include giving them a sticker or allowing them to play with a favourite item.

Make a safe zone in your house for them. Create a private area in your house for your youngster to unwind, feel comfortable, and feel secure. This will entail structuring and establishing limits in a manner that your youngster can comprehend. Visual clues can be quite useful If your child is prone to tantrums or other self-injurious behaviours, you may also need to safety proof the house.

Volunteer in Autism Campaigns. If you aren't currently connected in the autistic community and can't afford to give, giving your time is another method to help and raise awareness. After learning a little more about autism, you might be ready to go on to the next stage. A lot of fundraisers, conferences, seminars, and events are held to assist persons with autism and increase awareness.

Become a spokesperson for the cause. Speak up for autistic children and adults. Allowing people to knock them down or speak poorly about them is not a good idea. Talk about your experience. Ensure that people with special needs are welcomed and respected at work and that they are treated with the same respect as everyone else. With the correct assistance, people with autism can be as successful as everyone else.

4. Speak out for yourself. Concerning potential legislation that impacts people with autism, write or phone your state lawmakers, local legislators, or other officials. Be mindful of the implications of these rules on access to services, insurance, research, and other issues. Encourage people to follow your lead. Every person's opinion matters. When it comes to autism, pay attention to your behaviours and words. When connecting with others and assisting people with autism to thrive, set a positive example for your youngsters and the community.  Assist them in feeling welcomed and a part of your life.

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