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Re-structuring of School Education in the light of NEP-2020

Post by on Tuesday, November 23, 2021

First slide

 ‘Education is a human right, a powerful driver of development, and one of the strongest instruments for reducing poverty and improving health, gender equality, peace, and stability,’ notes World Bank Education.


The Human Capital Index is a report prepared by the World Bank. The Index measures which countries are best in mobilizing the economic and professional potential of its citizens. The index actually assesses knowledge, skills, and health that people accumulate over their lives in order to enable them to realize their potential as productive citizens of their country.
Last year India stood at 116th position in the HCI ranking world over.
Fortunately, last year National Education Policy-2020 was also launched to make Indian education system work as a powerful driver of development. Several paradigm shifts have been suggested in the policy document to overhaul the entire system of education in the coming decade. Actually, NEP-2020 aims to achieve SDG- 4 which will be assessed through HCI.
The index introduces this innovative measurement of learning, which supports SDG 4.1—to ensure, among other things, the completion of equitable and good-quality primary and secondary education. By tracking changes in the expected years of quality-adjusted education, countries will be able to monitor their achievement toward this education target.
Critically analyzing, two important approaches have been suggested in the National Education Policy- 2020 to overhaul the system of education. 
In terms of Curriculum & Pedagogy, bottom up approach has been adopted, i.e., ‘the policy  envisages  that  the  extant  10+2  structure  in  school  education  will  be  modified  with  a  new pedagogical  and  curricular  restructuring  of  5+3+3+4  covering  ages  3-18’. The following figure will help us to understand it:
Regarding the functioning of the education department, top down approach has been adopted, i.e., the policy envisages the bifurcation of the functions of the department in terms of academics to be fully controlled by State Council of Educational Research & Trainings – SCERT, operations by Directorate of School Education – DSE and regulations by State School Standard Authority - SSSA. In this regard, SARTHAQ-I and SARTHQ-II, implementation guidelines for NEP-2020 issued by MoE, have given fixed timelines and responsible agencies to implement it. The figure given below illustrates it. 
Thus, the restructuring of the department from both bottom up approach and top down approach is going to improve the quality of education in the country as envisioned in NEP-2020, if implemented in the right perspective.
(The author is Senior Academic Officer, SCERT, J&K and can be reached at mudasirgul82@gamil.com)

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