PREVENTING CERVICAL CANCERS
Post by on Sunday, November 14, 2021
The most essential thing women can do to help prevent cervical cancer is to get vaccinated as soon as possible and to get regular screenings.
The HPV vaccination protects against the most common kinds of HPV that cause cervical, vaginal, and vulvar malignancies. HPV vaccine is advised for preteens around 11 to 12 years old, however it can be administered as early as age 9.
If they have not already been vaccinated, everyone up to the age of 26 is advised to get vaccinated against HPV.
HPV vaccination is not advised for anybody over the age of 26. However, some individuals aged 27 to 45 who are not already vaccinated may elect to obtain the HPV vaccine after discussing their risk of new HPV infections with their doctor and the potential advantages of vaccination.
HPV vaccination delivers less benefit in this age group since more people have already been vaccinated.
If immunisation begins before the age of 15, a two-dose regimen is advised, with doses spaced 6 to 12 months apart. The vaccine is administered in three doses to those who begin the series after the age of 15.
HPV vaccine helps to prevent new HPV infections, but it does not treat existing infections or illnesses.
This is why the HPV vaccination works best when administered prior to any HPV exposure. Even if you had an HPV vaccine, you should get checked for cervical cancer on a regular basis.
Two screening tests can help prevent or detect cervical cancer early—The Pap test (or Pap smear) checks for precancers, which are cell abnormalities in the cervix that might progress to cervical cancer if not treated properly. The HPV test looks for the virus (human papillomavirus) that is responsible for these cell alterations. Both tests are usually available at the specialty hospitals.
Dr Sheikh Mohd Saleem
Public health expert J&K