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PREGNANCY AND DIABETES

Post by on Thursday, September 23, 2021

First slide
Today, 3-10% of pregnancies are affected by abnormal glucose regulation and control. Of these cases, 80-88% are due to abnormal glucose regulation during pregnancy what we call as gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). There are arround 20 percent mothers who have  preexisting diabetes with 35% having type 1 diabetes mellitus, and 65%  type 2 diabetes mellitus.
 
Infants who are born to are known as infant of diabetic mother (IDM) and they are susceptible to various complications if the sugars are not tightly managed during the course of pregnancy. With proper management of blood sugars during pregnancy,we have experienced a nearly 30-fold decrease in morbidity and mortality in neonates. Therefore it is very imperative to have specialized maternal, fetal, and neonatal care for women with diabetes and their offspring.
 
Infants born to mothers with glucose intolerance or diabetes are at an increased risk of morbidity and mortality related to the following:
 
1.Respiratory distress
 
2.Growth abnormalities (large for gestational age [LGA], small for gestational age [SGA])
 
3.Hyperviscosity secondary to polycythemia
 
4.Hypoglycemia and it's adverse consequences
 
5. Congenital malformations
 
6.Hypocalcemia, hypomagnesemia, and iron abnormalities
 
Tips for Women with Gestational Diabetes
Eat Healthy Foods
Eat healthy foods from a meal plan made for a person with diabetes. A dietitian can help you create a healthy meal plan. 
 
 Exercise Regularly 
 
Monitor Blood Sugar Often
 
Take Insulin, If Needed
 
Get Tested for Diabetes
 

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