India is a developing country and has a developing economy. The unemployment is one of the factors which affects more or less developing economy.
The nature of unemployment therefore, sharply differs from one that prevails in industrially advanced countries. Lord Keynes diagnosed unemployment in advanced economy to be result of a difference of effective demand.
There are many studies that the unemployment among the educated youth particularly unemployment technically qualified persons; there is shortage of persons possessing critical skill essential for economic growth.
For example experienced electrician, fitters, moulders, turners, physician, surgeons, university teachers, teachers for higher secondary, colleges IT experts etc. have been seen a short supply in a number of states of India including the State of Jammu Kashmir.
As per result of Labour Force Survey of government of India the unemployment rate in Jammu and Kashmir is higher than average national unemployment rate, with having 24.6 percent population in Jammu Kashmir in the age of (18-29 years) unemployed which is far more than all India unemployment rate of 13.2 percent.
Further, the current annual employment and unemployment survey report released by Labour Bureau of India under union Ministry of Labour and Employment, Government of India, the State of Jammu Kashmir has the highest unemployment rate in north India at approximately 10 percent.
The unemployment rate is the percentage of the population that have not been given employment, but is immediately available and actively looking for work. Almost all of the people who are unemployed are so because they have involuntarily lost their jobs.
The International Labour Organisation (ILO) definition of unemployment is those aged 16 or above are unemployed if they are: Out of work, want a job, have actively sought work in the last four weeks and are available to start work in the next two weeks.
The Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) being conducted by the National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) in India is one of sources of estimating employment and unemployment rates. The employed person is defined as a person working or being engaged in economic activity. The unemployed is defined as the person not working but seeking or available for work.
The unemployed is further classified into current weekly status unemployment and current daily status unemployment. The current weekly status of a person is the activity status obtaining for a person during a reference period of seven days preceding the date of survey while as the current daily status of for a person is determined on the basis of his/her activity status on each day of the reference week.
As per the observations by various studies, the unemployment rate in Jammu Kashmir is highest due to following:
It is to state here that above reasons may be more or less the cause of unemployment but definitely these reasons catalyse the rate of unemployment in Jammu and Kashmir. Also there are lot of programmes and schemes to reduce unemployment which are not implemented properly in our state due to the lack of awareness of programme schemes by the unemployed youth.
The reasons mentioned above have direct or indirect link with the unemployed educated youth of Jammu Kashmir. The unemployment rate in Jammu Kashmir may be highest due to the one more important reason that is the lack of interest in different available jobs at national level.
For instance, educated youth (graduates) having one subject as economics, statistics or mathematics, the Staff Selection Commission invites applications every year for filling up the vacant posts of Junior Statistical Officers in the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation.
The Staff Selection Commission (SSC) is the recruitment agency of government of India under the Department of Personnel and Trainings to recruit staff for various posts in the various ministries and departments of the government of India and in subordinate offices.
The Staff Selection Commission (SSC) conduct the graduation level examination of various posts of different ministries including posts of Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation through Combined Graduate Level Examination, every year for selecting candidates for filling up different categories of posts in various ministries/ departments/ organisations. Subject to administrative/public exigencies.
The Staff Selection Commission also conduct examination for Subordinate Statistical Service (SSS) as Junior Statistical Officers. The Educational qualification for Junior Statistical Officers in Combined Graduate Level Examination is: “A candidate for direct recruitment to the grade of Statistical Investigator Grade-II (Junior Statistical Officer) of the service must have obtained the following educational qualifications, namely: (a) Bachelor's Degree in any subject from a recognised University or Institute with at least 60% in Mathematics at 12th standard level; Or(b) Bachelors Degree in any subject with Statistics as one of the subjects at degree level.”
Here it is to state that the educated youth of commerce, economics, statistics or mathematics have a better option to choose their career in National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) for the posts of the Junior Statistical Officer.
The Junior Statistical Officer (JSO) are the posts of cadre Subordinate Statistical Service under the Ministry of Statistics and Programming Implementation, Government of India. Statistics and Programming Implementation Ministry is the cadre controlling authority of Subordinate Statistical Service (SSS).
It may be noted that the SSS incumbents are the only statistical functionaries who are conducting large-scale sample surveys in India. They are responsible for data collection in surveys that generate estimates and parameters that provide the tools for formulation of various plans and programmes of the Government of India.
This service is engaged in providing a broad spectrum of data on various aspects like socio-economic, agricultural and industrial sectors of the Indian economy.
Data on education, employment generation, demography, market prices, health and morbidity, agricultural yield estimates, land usage, industrial production of the organized as well as the unorganized sector of the Indian economy are provided through the toil of the incumbents of this service.
It could be noticed that about 82 percent SSS posts are allocated to the Field Operations Division (FOD) of National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) and remaining18 per cent posts of the service cater to the needs of 72 ministries/departments/organisation of union government.
The ministry attaches considerable importance to coverage and quality aspects of statistics released in the country. The statistics released are based on administrative sources, surveys and censuses conducted by the centre and state governments and non-official sources and studies. The surveys conducted by the ministry are based on scientific sampling methods. Field data is collected by dedicated field staff.
In line with the emphasis on the quality of statistics released by the ministry, the methodological issues concerning the compilation of national accounts are overseen committees like Advisory Committee on National Accounts, Standing Committee on Industrial Statistics, Technical Advisory Committee on Price Indices.
The ministry compiles datasets based on current data, after applying standard statistical techniques and extensive scrutiny and supervision.
There are maximum number of posts of Junior Statistical Officers vacant in Jammu Kashmir and the eligible unemployed youth of the state have a good option to choose their career in NSSO with the following direction.
The recruitment of the Junior Statistical Officer posts in NSSO is done by Staff Selection Commission through the examination named as the Combined Graduate Level (CGL) examination annually for recruitment of various posts at national level for central government offices with a special relaxation to aspirants from Jammu Kashmir.
In my service career as an ISS officer since 2001 in NSSO Srinagar, only two persons were able to qualify the JSO exam conducted by SSC through the very prestigious Combined Graduate Level Examination.
It is not out of place to mention here that NSSO in Jammu and Kashmir is facing a severe dearth of Junior Statistical Officers as the posts are lying vacant since more than two decades. The long pending vacant of JSOs in NSSO is due to the fact that:
Author is Director National Sample Survey Office (Field Operations Division), Regional Office Srinagar.