Gender equality is not only a fundamental human right, but a necessary foundation for a peaceful, prosperous and sustainable world. In the 70th Session of the United Nations (UN) General Assembly held on 25th September 2015 adopted the document titled “Transforming our World: the 2030 Agenda for sustainable The SDGs seek to address not only the root causes of poverty but also the universal need for integrated social, economic and environmental dimensions of development. Countries have the primary responsibility for follow-up and review, at the national level with regard to the progress made in implementing the goals and targets over the next 15 years.
As we know that the United Nations (UN) General Assembly held on 25th September 2015 adopted the document titled “Transforming our World with the 2030 Agenda for sustainable development”. The SDGs seek to address not only the root causes of poverty but also the universal need for integrated social, economic and environmental dimensions of development. The gender Equality is one of the goals of social sustainable development goal. Thus, Gender equality is necessary foundation for a peaceful, prosperous and sustainable world. It is fifth goal of Sustainable Developments goals and closely interrelated with many other the Sustainable Development Goals which are (1) End poverty (2) Zero hunger. (3) Good health and wellbeing (4) Quality education (6) Clean water and Sanitation (7) Affordable and clean energy (8) Decent work and economic growth (9) Industry, innovation and infrastructure (10) reduced inequalities (11) Sustainable cities and communities (12) Responsible consumption and production (13) Climate change (14) Life below water (15) life on land (16) Peace, Justice and Strong institutions and (17) Partnerships for the goals.
India has provided strong endorsement to the SDGs, giving a considerable fillip to agenda 2030. It is widely agreed that India will play a leading role in determining the relative success or failure of the SDGs, as it is the second most populous country in the world. The sustainable Development goals are a real agenda to change the world by achieving targets by 2030.
There is a great and strong statistical setup and data system in the India which helps to monitoring the achievements of indicators of the SDGs. The data that provide to the statistical system of Ministry of Statistics and programme Implementation, government of India to the public domain with the help of data collection and evaluation of various statistical setup in the country including National Statistical office (NSO). The importance of the NSO play a vital role for generates various statistical indicators through collection of data with the aim Data for Development. There is continuation step taken by the ministry of Statistics and Programme implementation, government of India for improving the data system on Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), thus the theme of the Statistics Day 2020 is selected as “Ensure healthy lives and promote wellbeing for all ages) of SDG3 and Achieve Gender equality and empower all women and girls of SDG5”
As you are aware, Government of India has been observing 29th June every year since 2007, to mark the birth anniversary of late professor Prasanta Chandra Mahalanabis as ‘Statistics Day’, in recognition of his valuable contribution in the field of economic planning and statistics. Celebrating Statistics Day is also aimed at creating public awareness, especially among the younger generation, on the role and importance of statistics in socio-economic planning and policy formulation for development of the country.
The 29th June, 2020 is 14th in series of celebrating Statistics Day by India. Every year statistic day is being celebrated in a particular theme. The main objective of celebrating the Statistics Day every year is to create public awareness particularly among the younger generation regarding Statistics and it role.
The Gender equality in India is a fundamental human right and is a prerequisite for sustainable development. The gender equality which is SDG5 to achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls with the objective to emphasizes creation of gender sensitive development strategies, and equal rights and access to economic resources, as well as ownership and control over land and other forms of property, inheritance, natural resources and financial resources, including micro finance. The SDG5 aims to achieve gender equality by ending all forms of discrimination, violence and harmful practices, including trafficking and sexual exploitation against women and girls. The SGD5 calls for valuing women’s unpaid care and domestic work, in addition, it calls for full and effective participation and equal opportunities for leadership at all levels of decision making in political, economic and public life for women.
Similarly, for SDG5 indicators showed at present Sex Ratio at birth in India is 898 females per 1000 males as the national target 954 females for 1000 males. As per statistical reports almost half of pregnant women aged between 15 and 49 years are anaemic as its targets should be brought to 23.57 percent by 2030. In case of wage gap the report showed the average wages and salaries of females is 70 per cent of that of males for regular wage and salaried employees in the age group 15-59 in India as to achieve equal pay for men and women as the national goal for 2030. In case of Domestic violence, the report showed that one every three ever-married women aged between 15 to 49 years’ experience physical, sexual or emotional form of spousal violence.
In case of Women in leadership that report showed only8.7 percent of seats in the State Legislative Assemblies are held by women as the national target for 2030 is to have 50 percent of the seats to be held by men and women each. The report showed that the labour force participation rate of women in India is only 32 percent of the labour force participation rate of men as the national target for 2030 is to have equal labour force participation rate for both women and men.
Also, the challenges for improving sex ratio to 954, reduce wage gap to equal wages of females and males, control domestic violence, equal participation of women in leadership, more engagement of labour force participation of females, impact of women health during coronavirus COVID19 pandemic, and more family programme for better performance of the states and Union territories for achieving success to SDG5 by 2030.
In despite of these gains and losses, many challenges remain still such as discriminatory laws and social norms remain pervasive, women continue to be underrepresented at all levels of political leadership, and study showed that 1 in 5 women and girls between the ages of 15 and 49 report experiencing physical or sexual violence by an intimate partner within a 12-month period. Also in recently coronavirus COVID19 Pandemic outbreak also effects limited progress for that has been made on gender equality and women’s rights. The coronavirus outbreak exacerbates existing inequalities for women and girls across every sphere from health and the economy, to security and social protection. And the women’s unpaid care work has increased significantly.
The pandemic also has led to a steep increase in violence against women and girls. With lockdown measures in place, many women are trapped at home with their abusers, struggling to access services that are suffering from cuts and restrictions. Emerging data shows that, since the outbreak of the pandemic, violence against women and girls and particularly domestic violence has intensified.
At this movement the UN Women has also developed a rapid and targeted response to mitigate the impact of the COVID-19 crisis on women and girls and to ensure that the long-term recovery benefits them, focused on five
Gender-based violence, including domestic violence, is mitigated and reduced
Social protection and economic stimulus packages serve women and Girls
People support and practise equal sharing of care work
Women and girls lead and participate in COVID-19 response planning and decision making
Data and coordination mechanisms include gender perspectives
The COVID-19 pandemic provides an opportunity for radical, positive action to redress long-standing inequalities in multiple areas of women’s lives, and build a more just and resilient. The efforts toward pandemic COVID19, the government of India took lot of initiatives to mitigate the pandemic for safeguard of the gender equality, good health and wellbeing.
At last I want to say that the efforts towards SDG5, the government of India has launched several national level schemes and programmes for successes achievement of SDG’s by 2030. For instance, the Beti Bachao, BetiPadhao, campaign aims to ensure girls are born, nurtured and ducted without discrimination to become empowered citizens of this country. Schemes like Sukanya Samridhi Yojana and the Janani Suraksha Yojana ensure the wellbeing and prosperity of girl child and the mother. Under the MUDRA imitative financial assistance is provided to female entrepreneurs. One Stop Centre aims to ensure the safety and integrity of women. The Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY) is aimed at safeguarding the health of rural women by providing them clean-cooking fuel.
Author is Deputy Director General, National Statistical Office (NSO)