The pollution and gradual shrinking of water bodies in the valley has been a cause of concern for Kashmiris. The first priority should be to stem further pollution of the water bodies by taking measures like upgradation of drainage and sewerage system in the catchment areas, removal of encroachments, relocation and rehabilitation of the affected people. A committee formed by the then legislative assembly to look into the deterioration of Dal few years back had concluded that lack of coordination between UEED, LAWDA and SMC was affecting the health of the lake. Though a lot of money has been released for its cleaning and conservation operations, the efforts have gone in vain due to the lack of effective coordination between the concerned agencies. With no coordination among the departments or executing agencies, there is no way to ensure effectiveness of any conservation project of any water body. The committee also pointed to lack of coordination between departments in dealing with financial matters regarding the Dal works due to which bulk of money released for the purpose was wasted. “There was enough money but fault lies with the execution,” the committee’s report had underlined in the past. The committee had also suggested formation of a separate ministry for conservation of water bodies besides recommending involvement of foreign consultants. Though these recommendations are worth consideration, but given the past experience, one cannot expect much from the outside assistance unless it is coupled with substantial efforts at the local level. Dal lake conservation efforts have also been badly hit by lack of political will which gave the encroachers free hand. Corrupt practices of officials and apathetic attitude of successive governments has led to deterioration of Dal to such an extent that it is looking difficult to even salvage a part of it. Restoration of Dal has become a daunting task owing to the plethora of challenges which have emerged over the years like rehabilitation of the thousands of families living in the interiors of the lake. A comprehensive management action plan for preservation and conservation of Wular Lake has already been launched. The plan envisages survey demarcation, catchment conservation, water management, bio-diversity conservation, eco-tourism development, sustainable resources development, enhancement of livelihood earning capacity and institutional development. It remains to be seen whether the plan can serve its purpose, but past experiences show that no matter how comprehensive a project may sound like, its success depends on host of factors, including coordination between the executing agencies, periodic monitoring of the works and active cooperation of people.