Tawakaltu al Allah (Putting firm faith in almighty Allah) is one of the chief etiquettes of a believer. But this beautiful Arabic phrase is often misunderstood. Some people believe it to be waiting for miracles and day dreaming about success without actually working for it. They believe humans are programmed robots and nothing is in their hands &success comes only from Allah (SWT). Indeed success comes only from Allah (SWT) but we are not programmed robots. Allah (SWT) has bestowed us with freedom of choice and free will .He has labelled humans as “Ashraful makhlooqaat” (Crown of Creation). He has given us power to think, work & decide. if we really have been created as programmed robots then there would have been no concept of sin and heaven/ hell because if we are powerless and everything happens by Allah’s (SWT) will then why we will be punished for our sins. It means we are not puppets; we have free will, we have to take initiative, some things are in our control. Tawakaltu Al Allah (SWT) doesn’t mean staying idle & waiting for things to be done by almighty Allah (SWT). Tawakal is giving your best & then leaving rest on almighty Allah (SWT). It is reliance on Allah’s (SWT) wisdom and decision. It is to believe that Allah’s decision is the best. Tawakal is about trusting Allah (SWT) that he won’t let our hard work go waste and He would pay off & ease our worries because He is the in charge of everything and without his consent not a leaf can fall from a tree.
We should not use Tawakal as an escape route from our loop holes and mistakes and we have no right to blame our fate .Before expecting success, make sure whether we really deserve it? Whether we are giving our best? For instance, Unless I leave home I cannot reach the university; If someone jumps from a roof top he or she would succumb no matter how much Tawakal one has . Similarly, if a student doesn’t prepare for exam no matter how much Tawakal he has he won’t succeed. Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) once told a camel rider, ‘tie your camel first then trust Allah.’ it means do everything that is in your capacity then trust Allah (SWT) Likewise Syed khudari (R.A) has said ,’without taking initiative & striving hard ,just praying for success is insult of prayer.’ Indeed Almighty Allah (SWT) is in charge of everything, nothing is impossible for him. But His quality is that He is just. So will Allah (SWT) help a person who did nothing or He would help a person who strived hard and trusted Him? Verily Allah (SWT) would help a person who is perseverant & has Tawakal. We can relate Tawakal with the scientific concept of optimism, just like psychologists have stressed that one should be optimistic but constructive optimist rather than naive optimist. Islam also has emphasised on realistic tawakal, which is constructive rather than naive. Tawakal means doing everything that is in person’s hands & then putting firm faith on almighty Allah (SWT) about its fruitful outcome. Furthermore, if naive tawakal is not right the same way relying & trusting wholly & solely on ones hard work or intelligence only & negating the power of destiny & fate is wrong also because without Allah's (SWT) will nothing can happen ,even a person cant breath without Allah's (SWT) will . Almighty Allah (SWT) is our creator and sustainer without His will we cannot survive. A good believer is one who is hardworking, perseverant and puts firm faith in almighty Allah (SWT). He believes that indeed success comes from Allah (SWT) alone .He is the only one who can ease our worries, solve our troubles.
(Author is lecturer, GDC Boys kupwara, J&k)