The scarcity of supportive respiratory systems in times of crises, pandemic and emergency, which has always been a challenging task for doctors and health workers, moved a group of Kashmiri engineers to come up with the device that can tackle this problem.
They have come up with internet based Dual AMBU Bag Supportive Respiratory Resuscitation System which would provide medical assistance to multiple medicare patients independently without the need for any human involvement, while also monitoring various health parameters.
Sajid Noor, Jehangir Hameed Lone, Babar Majid and Sadaf Bashir have developed an IOT-based Dual AMBU Bag Resuscitation system.
While talking to Rising Kashmir, Sajid said that during pandemics, epidemics, or emergencies, the dual AMBU bag system allows for remote monitoring of patients without having any manual interference.
“The parameters are the patients' body temperature, humidity, heart rate, oxygen saturation, and body orientation that can be recorded in real time and monitored virtually with the help of sensors,” he said.
The sensor data is duly processed in accordance with the medical standards and transmitted over a secure internet of things cloud. With the user-friendly android application, this sensor data is remotely available to the doctors in both numerical and graphical forms which replace the need of being in actual contact with the infected person.
The interactive user interface makes it quite easy for health workers to understand the patient’s medical data. He said that the main goal of this invention is to provide mechanical ventilation to multiple patients simultaneously.
Talking about the cost factor of the invention, he said that it is portable, light in weight as well as cost-efficient.
According to the research conducted by the group, they came to know that during crises, the only way to save critically infected patients is to provide them with a supportive respiratory system.
The patient with critical conditions like difficulties in breathing or not getting enough oxygen into their blood, the supportive respiratory system is required to put patients on a mechanical ventilator but the ventilators along with the external oxygen cylinder can put a huge expense on the patient.
“Ventilators can cost around Rs 5 lakh to 12 lakh, and it requires an external oxygen cylinder which can cost around 10 thousand rupees each. That’s too much for a poor person to afford. In our country, the number of ventilators is very less compared to the number of infected people,” he added.
During the peak times of the pandemic, one of the foremost squeezing shortages faced by health centers was the need of ventilators and the innovators said their device can be of great importance during such times.
Talking about its vast utility, the innovators said that the device will find its place in almost all medical applications associated with crises caused due to pandemics, epidemics or emergencies.
The device has been designed by the innovators in a very frugal manner while keeping in view its portability and robustness.
“Hospitals are facing a lack of ventilators. Our device can be used as an alternative since its implementation is inexpensive. As this device is light in weight, it can be carried easily to different military camps situated in remote locations,” he said.
He further said that the device can be used in emergency situations such as in ambulances to help a person in breathing and also for domestic households for elderly patients.
Apart from being affordable, it is accurate as compared to manual pumping of oxygen.
“Another thing is it encourages physical distancing, as patients can be monitored from different locations,” he added.
Jehangir Hameed, Babar Majid, Sadaf Bashir are pursuing Master’s degree from University of Kashmir and Sajid Noor works as an Engineer in Power Development Department.
The patent authority of India has accepted and published the details of their patent on the invention.
In order to convert their prototype into a marketable product, the innovators want support from government or private companies. “Considering its importance, we want such products to pour into the market very soon and for that we want support from government agencies and other investors,” he said.
Working of the project
The system comprises a base embedded with two AMBU bags and a pumping mechanism attached to it. It is designed in such a way that 10 - 12 inspirations can be made in one minute, with the inhalation to exhalation ratio (I/E) as 1:2. The microcontroller is in serial communication with the Wi-Fi module to connect with the internet and access real-time patient requests from the cloud.
“We have developed a user-friendly android application with which the doctors and other authorities can easily monitor the patient requests,” Sajid said.
The significant part of this innovation is the continuous patient surveillance over the cloud.
With the help of sensors, all the important health parameters of the patients are captured and without being in actual contact with the infected patients, the doctors can continuously monitor the patients while sitting in his/her room or at home.