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Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Post by on Saturday, November 20, 2021

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Irritable Bowel Syndrome
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a collection of symptoms such as cramping, abdominal pain, bloating, diarrhea, and constipation. People with IBS have some of these symptoms — such as cramping and diarrhea or bloating and constipation — for at least 3 months.
IBS can be uncomfortable. But it does not lead to serious disease, such as cancer. It also does not permanently harm the large intestine. Most people with IBS can ease symptoms with changes in diet, medicine, and stress relief. For some people, IBS symptoms are more severe. They may get in the way of going to work or traveling, even traveling short distances.

Who gets IBS
IBS is one of the most common disorders diagnosed by doctors. Up to 20% of U.S. adults have IBS symptoms.

Some people are more likely to have IBS including:

Women
People younger than 50 (IBS usually begins before age 35) and people with a family member who has IBS
Symptoms
The symptoms may be different from person to person and can include:
Cramps or pain in the stomach area
Constipation — infrequent stools that may be hard and dry
Feeling like you haven't finished a bowel movement  
Diarrhea — frequent loose stools
Alternating between diarrhea and constipation
Mucus in the stool
Swollen or bloated stomach area
Gas
Discomfort in the upper stomach area or feeling uncomfortably full or nauseous after eating a normal size meal
Women with IBS may have more symptoms during their menstrual periods.

Treatment
There is no cure for IBS, but there are things you can do to feel better. Treatment may include:

Changing your diet
Taking medication
Counseling and stress relief.

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