Student achievement relies on the development of resilience. Difficult situations can arise at any time, and students — who may already be dealing with a slew of stressors, such as hectic class schedules, extracurricular activities, and competing work, study, and social demands — may find confronting setbacks and obstacles demoralizing or even derailment. While students who have healthy resilience can adapt and overcome challenges, those who do not have it may develop anxiety, depression, or bad coping techniques. Learning to deal with the difficulties that come during this critical transition time can help students achieve long-term success.
What is resilience?
The ability to withstand, address, adapt, and adjust to adversity, overcome barriers, and bounce back from perceived failure, disappointment, or rejection is referred to as resilience. The way a student learns to deal with obstacles will have a long-term impact on their careers and relationships.
Building resilience is essential for kids to have the ability to cope with stressful and difficult situations. Here are five strategies that can help students to build a vital capacity for resilience.
1. Setting brave goals
One of the most important aspects of growing resilience is being able to identify personal goals and then being able to bear the discomfort that arises as a result of resistance to achieving those goals.
A SMART framework can be used to help students develop personal objectives that are specific, measurable, attainable, relevant, and timely. It's not easy to write SMART goals; this is a skill that takes time to master, and it's especially crucial for students to have in place.
"I will perform better on my next report card," for example, could be a broad target. On the other hand, a more productive goal could be "In the next semester, I will take careful notes and review them at least two days before tests and quizzes so that I can ask the teacher questions about what I don't understand," or it could even be 'll finish my math homework before going out with my friends, and when I turn it in, I'll ask the teacher any questions I have. When I make a mistake, I'll make a point of asking the teacher or one of my students how they came up with the correct solution."
It's extremely crucial to applaud oneself when you achieve a goal. Students should make time to reflect on their progress toward the daring goal, and when they accomplish it, they must manifest gratitude and excitement for the same.
2. Model learning from mistakes
To become a resilient young person, you must learn from your mistakes. Teachers can help by creating a classroom in which failure, setbacks, and disappointment are expected and honored parts of learning, where students are praised for their personal effort, persistence, and grit, not just for grades and easy accomplishments, and where they are held responsible for creating work about which they feel ownership and internal reward.
Consider providing a space in the classroom where students can brag about their worst errors and what they learned from them, in addition to showing their triumphs. Make certain they tell people about their own mistakes, particularly if they are humorous, and what they learned from them. Teachers should allow students to repair errors and resubmit work, as well as recognize when their work improves because nothing demonstrates learning more than improvement.
3. Encourage responsible risks
A stress ball is resilient because it rebounds back to its former shape after being pressed; similarly, we might think of students experiencing stress or frustration as pressure from which they must recover. The goal is that by presenting them with resilience-building tactics, they will be able to overcome their dissatisfaction and return to a state of optimal and productive learning focus.
Recognizing and complimenting students who take acceptable risks and challenge themselves—even, and maybe especially, when they don't get the expected results—is one method to promote resilience. For instance, speaking up during a Zoom class to answer a question, even if the answer is inaccurate, or tripping over words while reading aloud. These are opportunities to gain confidence and risk-taking skills, as well as to maintain a robust forward momentum while in a safe environment.
4. Label difficult emotions
Students can become more self-aware by recognizing and labelling emotions, and they will be able to better control their own emotional states. Students who learn to identify, name, and understand their emotions are better equipped to make rational decisions and deal with unsettling or disruptive emotions in their life, all of which are important aspects of resilience.
Quick daily emotional check-ins are an excellent place to start in the classroom. With varied degrees of complexity according on grade level, the "Wheel of Emotions" can be used to teach pupils the words they can use to express the emotions they're experiencing. It aids in the categorization of their feelings and reactions to those feelings. Students can also understand that other emotions are derived from one or more of the eight fundamental emotions or are a combination of them. This is an important realization for them because it allows them to recognize emotional triggers and prepare how to respond with effective self-management skills.
5. Teach the Importance of Health and Well-Being
Improved self-care is essential for developing resilience, so make sure children feel confident and prepared to handle life's obstacles. Life can be demanding at times, and students who do not practice excellent self-care may establish unhealthy habits or acquire anxiety, sadness, or poorly managed stress as a result. Improving resilience is much more important for these pupils' success. Students can think more clearly and be better equipped to face obstacles when they take care of their physical and mental health by getting adequate sleep, exercising, eating a good diet, and being hydrated.
Encourage students to use campus resources and to seek help when they need it, as well as to know where and how to get help. When kids are overwhelmed or seek help, teachers must coach them. Facilitating a group conversation about healthy habits, compiling a list, and encouraging them to establish goals and attempt new healthy behaviors is another fantastic method to get students thinking about prioritizing health and well-being.
Improved resilience reduces perfectionist tendencies, relieves imposter syndrome, and boosts a sense of belonging while de-stigmatizing requesting help.