In 2019, 88 rape cases were reported per day in India: NCRB
As per the latest National Crime Records Bureau’s (NCRB) report, woman condition with regard to crimes in India has deteriorated. The report has highlighted the plight of crimes against women in different states of India. The report has discussed the magnitude of crimes against women and the upward trend it has followed in India.
In comparison to year 2018, crimes against women have significantly increased in 2019. In 2019, 88 rape cases were reported in India every day. The report has further highlighted that a total of 4,05,861 cases of crime against women were registered during 2019, showing an increase 7.3 percent over 2018.
Further, it has been reflected in the report that after every 16 minutes, woman is raped somewhere in India and in every 04 minutes women experiences cruelty at the hands of her in-laws.
In view of the above facts, it is imperative that a strong and sustainable mechanism be implemented at the community and block level in India. The way crimes are perpetuated against women in India needs retrospection.
On the immediate basis, all such legislations which are promoting women security and sanctity in India need to be strengthen further and made fully women oriented. So, that more harshness is bought in these legislations.
Further, there is need to rejuvenate the fragile social control of the society. To make the social control impervious, there is need to make joint establishment of bureaucrats, academicians, legal professionals, media persons, religious persons and parents etc which are having a phenomenal role in promoting and strengthening the formal and informal social control of society.
The different departments and agencies which are working for women security and empowerment in India need to open more and more avenues for female students. They need to promote more and more research in gender disparity, segregation of women and reasons behind ferocious increase in crimes against women etc in India and thereby should facilitate scholarships to female candidates, so that, the causes behind crimes are explored in detail and in depth via that funded research.
Based on the findings of that research schemes, programmes and policies should be promoted and developed in an aggressive manner. There is need to employ social workers at the community and block level, so that proper and accurate record is build of both the victims and perpetrators at the gross root level.
Engaging social workers at the gross root level will help greatly in reporting those crimes also which gets unreported especially in far-off areas where woman is having limited or no access to resources. The social workers who are having good sense of social dynamics of society can promote programmes and policies of Govt and Non Government Organisations very well at the community level.
Further, they can avail psycho-social counselling and support for victims. Moreover, there engagement at the gross root level will also help in developing a proper record of all the criminals, who had ever got involved in heinous crime.
The different departments, institutions and organisations which are running women SHGs and Mahila Mandals in India, should mobilise these groups for disseminating knowledge about different legislations and programmes which are in place for women protection in India.
These SHGs and Mahila Mandals can become active agents of change at the community level, as they can reach each and every woman of their community. Reaching every woman will help in exploring the problems they are encountering at the hands of their in laws, husband, and other known or unknown person/s.
However, there is need to aware and induct these groups first about the legislations and programmes which are in place for woman empowerment and security. Another very significant entity which can play a promising role in woman empowerment is PRI.
However, before mobilising PRI members for this work, they too need to be inducted about the different scholarships, schemes and programmes of the government so that they can help, aware and facilitate the local female students and other women’s in availing these benefits of government. It has been found under various studies that due to lack of awareness about the Government programmes in rural India especially, various programmes are not able to reach to the genuine beneficiaries.