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Women's health: Know PCOS and How to treat it

Post by on Tuesday, August 10, 2021

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Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) — a common hormonal disorder in ladies manifested by irregular/ infrequent menstrual periods, excess androgen (male hormone) levels and  failure of ovaries to regularly release eggs.
 
Though the exact #cause of #pcos is unknown — an #early #diagnosis and #treatment along with #weightloss may reduce the risk of long-term complications such as type 2 diabetes and heart disease.
 
Factors that might play a role include: 
A) Excess insulin
B) Low-grade inflammation
C) Heredity factors, and 
D) Excess androgen
 
Women with PCOS, may have a type of low-grade inflammation that stimulates polycystic ovaries to produce androgens, which apart from causing acne, & hair growth can lead to heart and blood vessel problems.
 
#hyperandrogenism in #pcos — 
The ovaries produce abnormally high levels of male hormones (androgens), resulting in hirsutism and acne, and infrequent menstrual periods.
 
With PCOS, you are at risk of developing Metabolic syndrome — a cluster of conditions including high BP, high blood sugar, & abnormal cholesterol or triglyceride levels that increase your risk of heart disease!
 
There's no test to definitively diagnose PCOS, and no better way to diagnose than discussing medical history with your doctor (menstrual periods,  weight changes, etc) and getting a proper physical examination!
 
HOW TO TREAT PCOS?
Focus on managing your individual concerns, such as, acne, hirsutism, infertility or obesity.  Specific treatment involves lifestyle changes with /without medications.
 
 Lifestyle Changes — 5-10% weight loss through a low-calorie diet combined with moderate physical activities. Losing even 5% body weight might improve your condition like #infertility.
 
PCOS — LIFESTYLE REMEDIES:
1) Maintain a healthy weight.
2) Limit refined carbohydrates.
3) Be active — participating in a regular exercise program improves insulin resistance, the main metabolic defect in PCOS.
Dr Shariq Masoodi
Senior Endocrinologist SKIMS Soura

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