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What is Female Infertility?

Post by on Wednesday, October 13, 2021

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A common condition,female infertility is an inability to get pregnant and have a successful pregnancy.This is typically diagnosed after a woman has tried to get pregnant through unprotected sex for 12 months without a pregnancy.
 
There are many treatment options for infertility, including medications to correct hormonal issues,surgery for physical problems and in vitro fertilization (IVF).
 
Infertility is a disease in which the ability to get pregnant and give birth to a child is impaired or limited in some way. 
 
For heterosexual couples(man and woman), this is usually diagnosed after One-year of trying to get pregnant (but may be diagnosed sooner depending on other factors). For heterosexual couples, One third of causes of infertility are due to a Male problem, One third are due to a Female problems, and One third are due to combination or unknown reasons.When the cause of the infertility is found to come from the Female partner, it's considered female infertility or “Female factor” infertility. Infertility is a common disease. At least 10% of women deal with infertility of some kind.The chances of being infertile increases as a woman ages.
Many factors can increase a Woman's risk of female infertility. General health conditions, genetic (inherited) traits, lifestyle choices and age can all contribute to female infertility.
 
Specific factors can include:
1.Age
2.Hormone issue that prevents ovulation.
3.Abnormal menstrual cycle.
4.Obesity.
5.Being overweight or underweight
"A Woman's Who is Overweight can take Twice as long to become pregnant than a women whose BMI is Normal"And a women who is Underweight might take Four Times long to become pregnant"
6.Endometriosis.
7.Structural problems-
problems with the fallopian tubes,uterus or ovaries like;
a.Uterine fibroids.
b.Cysts.
c.Tumors.
8.Autoimmune disorders like; lupus,rheumatoid arthritis,Hashimoto's disease,thyroid gland conditions.
9.Sexually transmitted infections (STIs).
10.Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS).
11.Primary Ovary Insufficiency (POI).
12Excessive substance use (heavy drinking).
13.Smoking.
14.DES syndrome (DES is a medication that was given to women to prevent complications in pregnancy like premature birth or miscarriage.
Dr Khalid Ur Rehman 
MD Physician Medical Officer 
J&K Health Services 
 
 
 

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