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Tuberculosis cases down by 80 percent in Valley

Post by on Thursday, October 28, 2021

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Srinagar, Oct 27: After controlling COVID-19 spread, the UT administration has attained the feat of bringing down Tuberculosis (TB) cases by 80 percent in Kashmir.
According to the data, there has been a sharp decline in TB cases in all 10 districts of the Kashmir division. In 2018, 4,774 TB cases were recorded in J&K. In 2019, it was down to 4,080 TB cases. In 2020, the number further declined to 2,836 cases. According to the officials, this year the cases have gone down significantly in Kashmir division.
Earlier this year, the Union health ministry declared the union territory of Lakshadweep and Jammu and Kashmir's Budgam tuberculosis-free.
Dr Rubeena Shaheen, State Tuberculosis Officer (STO) told Rising Kashmir that Tuberculosis cases are on decline in Kashmir division.
" We are doing our best to complete our target. By 2025, the Jammu and Kashmir Union Territory will be TB free,” she said.
She said cases are on decline in all other districts, except Srinagar, where TB cases are still more.
Dr Rubeena said that in Jammu division, there are districts which have more TB cases compared to Kashmir division.
“Budgam has been certified as Tuberculosis free under sub-national TB certification claims. This year we are applying for two more districts which are Kupwara and Pulwama," she said.
When asked whether COVID-19 has affected the TB testing in the UT, she said, “Covid-19 has impacted the pace of NTEP but now it is picking up again.”
According to the report, around 165 persons per 1,00,000 are assessed to have medically-treated Tuberculosis in the state.
The prevalence of medically treated tuberculosis is slightly higher among women (175) than among men (154), and is higher in rural areas (187) than in urban areas (111).
Dr Roohi, Assistant Programme Officer State TB Cell, said, “The trends and figures from 2016 to 2021 suggest that it is on decline. It has declined by 80 percent.”
She said TB was more prevalent in rural pockets for many reasons. “First, this disease is known as poor man’s disease, though that scenario is changing now. But due to more population and lack of proper nutrition in rural areas, TB is more prevalent there,” she said.
Dr Khurshid Ahmad Dar, Professor at Chest Diseases Hospital, said TB is a communicable disease and it can spread from one person to another.
He said that Chest Disease (CD) Hospital, Srinagar receives five to six cases of Tuberculosis every week." Overall, Tuberculosis is decreasing but post Covid -19 , we are receiving more TB patients in Srinagar compared to other districts," he said.
“People do not seek medical consultation at the initial stage of TB. They usually think they will be fine within some days. But when their situation deteriorates, they consult a doctor,” he said.
Dar said that TB can be fully treated with an antitubercular drug with appropriate dosage at appropriate time.
“All investigations and DOTS treatment is being provided to a patient with the disease,” he said.
According to the World Health Organization( WHO), Tuberculosis is on the rise again globally for the first time in a decade, linked to disruptions in access to healthcare because of the Covid pandemic.
In its annual TB report for 2020, the WHO said progress toward eradicating the disease has been made worse thanks to a growing number of cases going undiagnosed and untreated.
Some 1.5 million people died from TB in 2020, including 214,000 among HIV positive people, according to the report.
That was up from 1.2 million in 2019, 209,000 of them HIV positive.
The increase in the number of TB deaths occurred mainly in the 30 countries with the highest burden of tuberculosis.

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