We all go through a situation in life where we delay and generally leave the work for later time. This act of delaying work for a later period of time can be called procrastination. It can be related to the act of delaying and putting off tasks until the very last minute or even past the deadlines. It could be a challenge for all of us at some or other point in our day or life.
Sometimes we often delay stuff and leave it for later time and these tasks are never completed on time and we often leave it at the last minute. In this situation it doesn’t really matter how well organized or committed but when we procrastinate the period goes in generally watching televisions for gaming or even just scrolling through facebook or social media.
Procrastination refers to delaying the work which has been given to us till the very last moment. It is not about being lazy; many people also claim that the work is best while they are procrastinating. Procrastination is not only the matter of delaying the work, it is also about poor time management skills. To overcome procrastination we should know the reason behind it, the causes can differ from person to person. Procrastination is going to be one of the main barriers which could cause delay in our getting up and doing something right and also making decisions, sometimes it happens that to reach the goal we find a lot of difficulties to do a particular task and it becomes very difficult to fulfil the task given. Some of the reasons could be academic pressure, depression, obsessive compulsive disorder and maybe attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, these are some reasons people might procrastinate because they're going through some psychological issues. Other than this there could be more reasons why people procrastinate:
Not knowing what needs to be done
Not wanting to do something
Not knowing how to complete the work
Not feeling in the mood to do it
Lacking motivation to start the task
Forgetting about the task
Blaming it on something else
Delaying one task in favour of doing another task
There could be different types of procrastination as well, which may include passive and active procrastination
Passive procrastination- people who are Passive procrastination generally have issues in making decisions and acting accordingly.
Active procrastination- people who have active procrastination do procrastinate on purpose because they believe that their best work comes out while they are procrastinating.
There could be a negative impact of procrastination which could cause a serious impact in our day-to-day lives. We should notice that this behaviour doesn't become a part of our lives. Procrastination could not only lead to mental health issues but also to the social, professional and financial being of a person. A person who procrastinates a lot could do few things on their own which could help them fight procrastination and do things on the right time the person might help themselves by making a to do list
Taking baby steps to work
Setting up warning signs and recognise them
Work on their distractions and eliminate them
And give yourself appreciation when the work is done
It is also important to know why people generally procrastinate. It could be one of the reasons such as decision paralysis which refers to when a person has a behaviour to make decisions for themselves they generally get confused about what to prioritise with all the work they have.
Also some might ignore the value of time they have and delay the work for later.
Also talking about self-discipline people may procrastinate if they don't know how to put things in a disciplined manner.
Summarising with that procrastination is not referred with laziness; it is very different lazy people simply don't do anything and they are fine with it but the people who procrastinate have an actual desire to do the task and complete but they don't have the motivation and can't force themselves to do the task and start it. Also people generally confuse relaxation with procrastination which is not the same relaxing gives you energy to do the task well procrastination on the other hand delays the task
It is a concept where individuals experience a shortage of time for their personal requirements, including leisure and rational activities. People who are time poor are also sometimes economically poor as they don’t know how to manage time and set their priorities. Thus, being time poor results from two conditions. First, the person does not have enough time to rest and relax once all his time is spent in labor working or household chores.
Second, the person cannot reduce labor hours because if he does so they will not be able to earn much to live a sustainable life due to loss in income. Time is limited for everyone, may it be rich or poor. Many people think of time poverty as a condition of employment and some think of it as adoption of flexible time arrangement or popularly known as ‘’time management’’.
There is a concept where time poverty, or the sense of not having enough hours to perform all the activities and work one desires to perform , is common among people with high stress managerial activities. So, the concept ‘money rich, time poor’ is commonly used in developing countries for people who have highly well-paid jobs but don’t have enough time for their leisure and time to spend with their family or friends. Such issues are acute for professional women who have to keep a ‘work-life balance’ since they hold a huge responsibility in their households in addition to their professional jobs.
Many women in comparison to men remain time poor because of the multiple demands imposed on them from their jobs as well as household. The genuine time poverty is a result of the qualitative choices of an individual. People who are poor have high chances of not being able to buy various necessary goods from the market. They have to work long hours In addition to low wages or unpaid employment to meet the necessary needs for themselves and their family members. So the concept of unpaid labour means long hours of employment and less or no time for leisure. Some organisations create ‘idle time’ which is downtime when the volunteers can’t perform their tasks.
The idle hours between meetings, tasks or assignments lower the pace of working making them bored. In a survey, it stated that the doctors spend an average of 9 hours a day in unnecessary work such as billing and record keeping, distracting them from their actual work and leading to time poverty. When people are involved in secondary tasks, it then reminds them of the primary tasks they could be doing, thus giving them a feeling of time poverty. Many organisations burden their employers with meeting and social tasks. Switching in between tasks or interruption between them can lose their control over time.
A lot of people’s time goes on travelling from their home to work place and in a city where there’s traffic, an average of 3 hours in a day goes into travelling. Globally people spend 300 hours every year commuting. This is roughly 10% of their working time that goes into travelling. Time poverty gives people the feeling of ‘if I can have 30 hours a day’. Most of the people sacrifice on their sleep schedule to have more hours to work which affects their health both mentally and physically. They sum up their work and don’t set their priorities which gives them a shortage of time to complete their important tasks.
To minimise the time wasters, we should see what matters most.
What is necessary are the premising problems, deadline driven projects, meeting and preparation should be the top most priority. The time wasters where one should not waste their precious time should be excessive phone calls, excess television, excess relaxation, irrelevant texts, etc. one should adopt time management strategies in order to save their time. Some time management strategies are;
- Prioritise things
- To do lists
- Set a flexible routine
- Plan your week
- Minimise the distraction and time wasting activities
- Take few breaks
- Understand the importance of management
- Be aware on how to use your time
- Avoid minor issues
- Get adequate sleep
To minimise the time wasters, turn the emails off, check at intervals, keep conversations short, create a to-do list and don’t commit to work that you know you can’t negotiate. To prevent further wastage of time on phone calls, use voice mails, set aside time for phone calls, make a to the point conversation. These are some strategies that will prevent time poverty.