Be it immunization, Tuberculosis elimination or controlling child mortality rate, Jammu and Kashmir has emerged as a great performer in the overall health sector.
One of the biggest challenges the healthcare system of J&K faced was the COVID-19 pandemic. Due to this pandemic, the whole health mechanism was affected. But due to the efforts of the healthcare workers and administration, the UT came back to normal functioning. And it was the vaccination drive which stopped the spread of covid to some extent.
The vaccination was the topmost priority of the government and all efforts were made to achieve an objective of vaccinating 100 per cent population in the shortest time possible, keeping in mind the availability of resources and vaccine doses. Jammu and Kashmir completed the 100 percent inoculation of the first dose of vaccine to children between 15–17-year age group and 76% second jab of covid vaccine also.
Besides that, 3,23,794 precaution doses have been administered to healthcare, frontline workers, and people above 60 years in J&K. 36,875 doses were administered to healthcare workers, 1,73,883 doses to frontline workers, and 1,13,036 jabs to 60 year plus people with comorbidities.
Over 1 lakh 80 thousand children between 12–14-year age groups have been administered with the first dose of vaccine in J&K since March 16 to March 31.
As per the official data, nearly 5,99,700 children between 12-14 age group are supposed to receive the covid jab. Out of them over 1,77,720 children have been administered with the first dose of vaccination till date.
Besides that, Jammu & Kashmir emerged as the leading performer in terms of incremental performance, while on overall health performance, the UT is categorised as an aspirant which has substantial scope for improvement.
As per the NITI Aayog report, the health index is a weighted composite score incorporating 24 indicators covering key aspects of health performance. According to the report, the health index comprises three domains –health outcomes, governance and information, and key inputs and processes.
In incremental performance, J&K is ranked at number second position with a score of 9.55 out of 15. In J&K, nearly 60 percent of the indicators were in the improved/most improved/fully achieved category so far as the Incremental Performance from the Base Year (2018-19) to Reference Year (2019-20) was concerned.
However, in terms of overall health performance, J&K is ranked at second bottom position with an overall “Reference Year Index Score” of 47 out of 100. As per the report, based on the overall health performance, Jammu & Kashmir is categorised as aspirant UT, which has substantial scope for improvement.
Dr. Mir Mushtaq, Spokesperson Directorate of Health Services Kashmir told Rising Kashmir that Jammu and Kashmir Union Territory has shown the best performance in the government health sector.
" We don't have a private health sector here. But the government health sector provided the best health care services to the people. For one and a half years, the government has upgraded the healthcare facilities in the valley. Director Health Services Kashmir has been on toes and visited different district hospitals. He upgraded the facilities and work culture. It is all due to the team work which resulted in significant improvement of health services in the UT," he said.
Jammu and Kashmir has also shown a sharp decline in the number of TB cases from the last few years. A report issued by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare under the Government of India’s National TB Elimination Programme for the year 2021, says that three districts from Kashmir division – Anantnag, Kupwara and Pulwama – have shown 60-80 percent reduction in TB cases in the last five years and have secured gold medals under the programme.
According to the official data, there has been a sharp decline in TB cases in all 10 districts of the Kashmir division. In 2018, as many as 4,774 TB cases were recorded in J&K. In 2019, it declined to 4,080 TB cases and in 2021, the cases have gone down to 3,000.
According to the doctors, by 2025, there will be less than 44 cases per lakh population. All the districts except Srinagar have completed that target.
According to the report, around 165 persons per 1,00,000 are assessed to have medically-treated Tuberculosis in the UT.
Recently, a report prepared by the Health & Medical Education Department revealed that the Kashmir division performed well in all key health indicators.
The parameters on which the report was prepared include- Institutional deliveries, Surgeries, Out-Patient Department and In-Patient Department Services, Infant Mortality Rate (IMR), MMR, Cancer Screening, TB notification achievement, Golden Cards issued, Referrals, Immunization and many more.
According to the report, eight districts of Kashmir division have emerged as leading performers, by fulfilling all the parameters. Among all the districts, Kulgam has scored 68.5 out of 100, which is highest in the whole Jammu and Kashmir.
Kulgam is followed by Srinagar (67), Ganderbal (66), Baramulla (65.75) and Kupwara with (64.75). Only Bandipora and Shopian in Kashmir division have scored less than 50.
In the Jammu division, four districts have scored about 50 out of 100 overall. Samba has an overall score of 52.25, Jammu (51.75), Reasi (51.5) and Kathua has scored 50.5 out of 100.
Kulgam scores 9 out of 10 in issuance of Golden cards, in Institutional deliveries, the districts scored 8 out of 10, in Cancer screening, the district has scored 7.5 out of 10. The In-Patient Department Services have increased to 4.25 out of 5 and immunization the district has scored 5 out of 5.
Srinagar has scored 9 out of 10 in Institutional deliveries, in Cancer screening, the district has scored 8 out of 10.