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Eating Disorders in Children

Post by on Monday, May 16, 2022

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Eating Disorders in children and adolescence are considered as a burden, tension for the parents as it is parent responsibility to take care of their children. It is observed that eating disorder in children could be very serious if not taken care at right time. As throughout this time these kinds of patients who have eating disorder, they avoid eating food deliberately they will starve themselves or in other case they will deliberately eat so much and when they will realised that they have gained weight they will end up vomiting. Due to this eating disorder in children or in adult in is observed that these patients generally have some kind of emotional problems that could be mood disorder or anxiety. With every disorder there are some more disorders and problems added into an individual’s personality. Patients of this particular disorder they focus so much on body shape some think that they are too fat and some think that they are too thin. Eating disorder is different for every patient, as every individual’s personality is different. Also, every patient acts different throughout the process the reason behind this is that they have different traits and personality so each and every individual will naturally be having different thought processes and will behave in a different manner.   

All the disorders should be considered important and as soon as the person is diagnosed the patient should be treated immediately as these disorders could be severe because they will affect the person in long term. Eating disorders are mostly considered complex with medical illness and in this disorder the child suffers from both mental health disorders as well as medical illness. Eating disorders in children affects their personality, thinking process. This could also create disturbances as in how you look up or think about what you eat and how you eat and in what quality are you are eating. In some eating disorders people may also think that they’re gaining a lot weight, they feel that they’re but in reality they’re not this is also one of the reasons why people stop eating or in some cases they eating but when they realised that they’re gaining they tend to force themselves to vomit, this would harm them this could be one of the symptoms of eating disorder. Eating disorders include unhealthy relationship with food.


There are different types of eating disorders such as anorexia nervosa, atypical anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, atypical bulimia nervosa, overeating associated with other psychological disturbances, binge eating disorder, vomiting associated with other psychological disturbances. Anorexia nervosa it is an eating disorder in which the patient tent to loose weight and in children it said that they rather tent to gain weight. The weight gain during this process could go up to 15% below the average normal age or height of that person we could have expected. This weight loss or gain is generally considered as self-induced by the patient on their own, if it gained then they start eating fattening stuff but if there is weight loss then they avoid eating fattening junk food. Also, these eating disorders can harm your heart, your digestive system, your bones, and can as well harm your teeth and your mouth that can furthermore lead to several different diseases.


Symptoms of eating disorder are mostly dependent on which type of eating disorder the patient or in this case the child is suffering from despite the age of the child. Some types of eating disorders which are very commonly used or are seen among children during this time could be anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and also binge eating disorder. There are a few more eating disorders which could be rumination disorder and in addition to that there is avoidant or in other words it is said restrictive food intake disorder. This eating disorder could be found since genetically happened earlier in the family because of which it could occur in the child or there could be a biological factor according to which it is observed that there must be some changes that are taking place in the patient’s brain chemically it could play a role in an individual’s eating disorder. This disorder can also affect the person emotionally in the form of low self-esteem, or it could be perfectionism, or it could be inappropriate behaviour with anybody around them, there is possibility that the child is struggling through relationship between the families or with anybody else.


Anorexia disorder: any person despite of the fact that it is a child or adolescence or an adult anybody suffering from this eating disorder will start deliberately restrict themselves from eating food in general it could be any kind of food. They will not eat since that have developed a fear that they have gained weight or in some cases they could develop a desire to lose weight. Hence this is considered very hard for an individual emotionally as well as physically, since it becomes very difficult for the person to cope up after entering into this kind of situation. Anorexia nervosa is considered as one of the most severe conditions. In the view of the fact that patient may develop some other kind of physical problems due to this disorder such as there could be severe loss of muscle mass, or the child can develop low blood pressure, or the person suffering may feel bloated also in some cases the problem of constipation at all times could be experienced by the patient, there could be loss of menstruation or the female can experience irregular periods. When an individual is dealing with this disorder, they excessively limit down their calories in order to lose weight. On the other hand, they start excessive exercise and also flow major diet plans in order in lose weight faster even when they are underweighting during this disorder, they don’t realise whatever they do or say.


Some types of anorexia nervosa are as follows: there are two types of anorexia nervosa Restricting type: in this type of disorder an individual limits on how much they can eat and what type of food the person can eat so that the individual cannot gain weight all this is because the person fears to gain weight and wants to lose weight. Binge or purge type: it is one of sever eating disorder in which an individual avoid themselves to eat food but then sometimes the person despite of this suddenly tend to start eating excessively and then make themselves throw up because they realise that they have eaten so much calories that they shouldn’t have done. For this reason, this could affect the person in so many ways and give the person some sever diseases. Such as problem in heart anorexia nervosa can lead to heart some major heart complications, in blood it is considered as one third of teens these days have mild anaemia low blood cell count. There kidneys can get affected as the person who is suffering from anorexia nervosa may limit their water and food intake that results in dehydration and many other health problems.    


Bulimia nervosa: in this eating disorder the individual who is suffering experience bingeing that in other words the person has no control over eating. You regularly start eating like when you are bored you eat when you are happy you eat or when you are sad you eat basically you are continuously just eating no matter what as the person just has loosen the control over eating.

It is observed that the person develops an unhealthy relationship with food as too much food intake is also harmful for any human body, excessive eating is also harmful as because of that a person develops multiple severe diseases that is really harmful for any human body. Excessive eating could bring multiple changes in them they may develop mood swings, they could experience irritation from anything and anybody, inappropriate behaviour of the client could be experienced all these changes will be appear because of this disorder.


There are some sub points or types under bulimia nervosa, it is considered as one of the most common disorders. There are two types of bulimia they are as follows: purging bulimia: the person who is suffering with this disorder will induce regular episodes of vomiting immediately after eating as the person is excessively eating. After they have eaten they realise that they gained a lot of weight because of this fear they tend to vomit. Non-purging bulimia: the person who is suffering from this disorder type will try to fast and deliberately starve themselves and always engage themselves into extreme diet plan and extreme exercises in order to prevent themselves from weight gain after they have already binged eaten. These patients because of the disorder live in hallucination at all times till it is cured they experience the feeling of being insecure. Their weight could be increased up to 5 to 20 kgs in a week this is an estimate that we have observed in earlier cases.

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