Early detection of hearing loss in New borns.
Post by on Tuesday, July 13, 2021
In a recent survey conducted in India 4 out of every 1000 new born children have severe to profound hearing loss.
Hearing Loss in infants ( child upto 1 year)
effects development of auditory ( hearing) system, interferes with development of speech and language and is harmful for social, emotional and cognitive growth of a child .
Screening of high risk newborns for hearing impairment includes : maternal age above 40 , obstructed labour , low birth weight, babies born before 37 weeks, babies with congenital maformations , respiratory distress, babies admitted in ICU .
Screening Goal (1-3-6) of new borns for hearing impairment includes screening by 1 month (ideally before discharge from the hospital), further assessment at 3 months and rehabilitate by 6 months .
How are newborns screened for hearing loss ?
Oto acoustic emissions (OAE) and
Screening is safe, non invasive and painless .
Infants diagnosed and who receive intervention by 6 months score 20 - 40 percentile higher on school related measures (language ,social adjustment and behaviour)as compared to hearing impaired children who receive delayed intervention.
Dr Sajad Majid Qazi
Professor and HOD ENT