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DHSK Jammu issues advisory on outbreak of Monkeypox in Europe, calls on sensitization & dissemination of advisory

Says, no Monkeypox case reported in India, but chances of this disease occurring in India cannot be ruled out

Post by on Monday, May 23, 2022

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Srinagar, May 22: Following the advisory by the, Ministry of Health & Family Welfare (MoHFW) Gol, on the outbreak of ‘Monkey pox’ in Europe, Directorate of Health Service Jammu (DHSK) has issued an advisory addressed to all Chief Medical Officers (CMOs) of Jammu division to disseminate the advisory among all health care workers for their sensitization and further necessary action.
According to the advisory issued by the DHSK Jammu which reads, "As you are aware, there is a recent outbreak of Monkeypox cases in Europe as well as the United States and Australia. This is Zoonotic disease, first identified in monkeys and it is also spread by rodents. The clinical presentation of Monkeypox resembles that of Smallpox”.
"On 20" of May, 2022, the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare (MoHFW) Gol issued an interim Health Advisory regarding the Monkeypox. This office has prepared a Powerpoint presentation in detail on the subject. You are requested to kindly disseminate the advisory among all health care workers of your district for their sensitisation and further necessary action," reads a communique.
The advisory states that the disease Monkeypox is a viral zoonotic disease that occurs primarily in tropical rainforest areas of Central and West Africa and is occasionally exported to other regions.
"Monkeypox typically presents clinically with fever, rash and swollen lymph nodes and may lead to a range of medical complications and it is usually a self-limited disease with the symptoms lasting from 2 to 4 weeks. Severe cases can occur. Case fatality rate may vary from 1-10%”, states the communique.
Mentioning more about the key points of the disease it reads that Monkeypox can be transmitted from Animal to Humans as well as human to human. The virus enters the body through broken skin (even if not visible), respiratory tract, or the mucous membranes (eyes, nose, or mouth). Animal-to-human transmission may occur by bite or scratch, bush meat preparation, direct contact with body fluids or lesion material, or indirect contact with lesion material, such as through contaminated bedding.
"Human-to-human transmission is thought to occur primarily through large respiratory droplets generally requiring a prolonged close contact and it can also be transmitted through direct contact with body fluids or lesion material, and indirect contact with lesion material, such as through contaminated clothing or linens of an infected person."
The clinical presentation of monkeypox resembles that of smallpox, a related orthopoxvirus infection which was declared eradicated worldwide in 1980.
"Incubation period is usually 7-14 days but can range from 5-21 days and the person is usually not contagious during this period and an infected person may transmit the disease from 1-2 days before appearance of the rash and remain contagious till all the scabs fall off," it adds.
The letter states that the current Scenario as on date (20th May 2022) cases of Monkeypox have been reported from U.K, U.S.A, Europe, Australia and Canada with no death. Indian context.
“Monkeypox has not been reported in India, but with new cases being detected from various countries chances of this disease occurring in India cannot be ruled out. The cases that have been reported worldwide are both due to local transmission and also due to travel to African countries”, reads the letter.
The advisory states that as a proactive approach NCDC, MoHFW has identified several public health actions to be initiated in event of suspected cases being reported from India.
According to the advisory the recommended for the public health actions it includes that health facilities to keep heightened suspicion in people who present with an otherwise unexplained rash and who have travelled, in the last 21 days, to a country that has recently had confirmed or suspected cases of monkeypox or report contact with a person or people with confirmed or suspected monkeypox.
The advisory states that all suspected cases to be isolated at designated healthcare facilities until all lesions have resolved and a fresh layer of skin has formed OR until the treating physician decides to end isolation.
“All such patients to be reported to the District Surveillance Officer of Integrated Disease Surveillance Programme. All infection control practices to be followed while treating such patients. Laboratory samples consisting of fluid from vesicles, blood, sputum etc to be sent to NIV Pune for Monkeypox testing in case of suspicion. In case a positive case is detected, contact tracing has to be initiated immediately to identify the contacts of the patient in the last 21 days”, reads the letter.

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